速涂的10大技巧

最近皮皮“半手”带大的表弟抱着“宏大的”目标来庐,与我同住,同时想学些绘画方面的东西。我已很久没有摸过铅笔了,并且基本功不扎实,说教他也是言过其实,只能算是互相学习罢了。昨晚在我的建议下,他今天已经早起开始练功了——临摹立体石膏块,至于为什么他没有按照我昨晚要求他的“多画一些身边的东西”,我也不知道,或许是他觉得只有画石膏像才算入门了吧。因为他的志愿是建筑学相关的,所以我的建议自然不必像高考美术学子的步子一样走,要多画速写,练习自己的线条造型能力,提升对造型和明暗关系的一些感知能力,不必拘泥于如何排线,如何握笔。当然上面都是一家之言罢了。

——写在前面

今天,趁闲暇整理一些关于 速涂 (Speed Painting)的经验,也是拾人牙慧罢了。下面的这10个技巧或许能够帮到你快速掌握 速涂 的技巧和提升绘画能力(其实还是要多练习。)

各就各位,嘿喂狗!

 

使用常规的形状

原文自述展开/收起(展开/折叠按钮还在研究中,所以此处点一下会乱码,待解决)

Custom shapes are super useful tools for artists and are often forgotten by a large majority. They are simple, fast, and fun to make, and are great time savers when designing and speed painting. On those days when you feel uninspired to make art you can make these instead. Simply scribble abstract shapes using a hard brush, then play with them; try copying, repeating, overlapping, and transforming the shapes and using them in your art.

——Alex Olmedo

对于画师们来讲常规的形状很有用,但是也会被大多数人所遗忘。它可以让你更容易、快速地去造型,并且在设计时很节省时间。有些时候,你会觉得这些形状很基础很平庸,你可以摒弃它们。
其实,用硬毛笔刷寥寥数笔勾勒出简单的形状,然后再进行深入,尝试着去复制、重复,重叠和修改。
我的理解是把复杂的型归纳总结为基础图形,比如方块、圆形、三角形等等,然后加以塑造。

填满画布

原文自述展开/收起(展开/折叠按钮还在研究中,所以此处点一下会乱码,待解决)

Use a big Brush tool to lay down some strokes of varying color, tone, texture, and opacity. Try not to paint anything specific, just fill the canvas with color and texture. You can switch brushes but try to keep the size quite large – this is good for speed and preventing the urge to paint something specific.This initial letting go can be the hardest thing to master but the effects are worth it in the end. By starting this way there is less pressure to fill a blank white canvas, which can be a hindrance to creativity.

——Katy Grierson

用沾满不同颜色不同色调不同质感的大画笔“挥毫泼墨”,不必拘泥于画一些具象的东西,只是为了在画布上填满颜色和纹理。你可以换不同的刷子,但是尽量保持用大刷子——这对提升你绘画欲望有很大的帮助。(面对一张白纸,或许你动笔的欲望就没那么大了。)
最初很难放开手去做,但是这个方法效果显著。通过这个方法来开始新的画面很好,毕竟“一片空白”的画布可以说是一种对创造力的阻碍。

用笔刷热身

原文自述展开/收起(展开/折叠按钮还在研究中,所以此处点一下会乱码,待解决)

Before I start working on a speed-painting session I like to warm up with some custom brushes. Depending on the theme, try to limit your selection of brushes for the speed-painting process. Working with a limited range of brushes can force you to work more efficiently by thinking about shapes and design rather than brushstrokes. This may take a while to get used to but it will speed up your whole process.

——Donglu Yu

我开始新的 速涂 之前,会用一些自定义的笔刷“热身”。根据不同的主题,尽量选择合适的笔刷。用自定义的笔刷可以强迫你思考造型和设计,而不是随笔使用一种笔刷。这需要您适应一段时间,但是这将会提升你的工作进程。
这个和上条的区别在于上条强调随意的去填充画布以提升自己的创作“激情”,这个呢就是有所限制地去“热身”。

使用渐变工具

原文自述展开/收起(展开/折叠按钮还在研究中,所以此处点一下会乱码,待解决)

Once you have set the tonal values of your image you need to add a base color. The Gradient tool is perfect here because you can choose the color for every part of the sketch, starting from the ground, at the base of the buildings, moving to the skyline shade, and finally picking up a color to define the shade between land and sky. For an even color palette, use the Eraser tool to blend all the colors together.

——Massimo Porcella

一旦你确定了画面的色调,你就需要一个基准色来稳住画面。渐变工具是最好的选择,因为你可以选择用渐变工具“统一”画面的各个部分,从地面开始,到建筑物,到天际线,然后到天空。然后用橡皮\涂抹工具去“揉”颜色,使之自然融合。

构建自己的图库

原文自述展开/收起(展开/折叠按钮还在研究中,所以此处点一下会乱码,待解决)

I can’t stress enough the importance of having a good photo reference library. You can find plenty on the internet but nothing beats going out there and taking your own. You can get the right exposure, scenery, and contrast to work with your current piece, or just interesting landmarks or cloud formations which might spark a new idea and build the imagination.Don’t limit yourself to the natural world; there are so many fascinating and elaborate architectural elements on buildings and other human-made things.

——James Paick

我不得不强调一个好图库的重要性。你可以在互联网上找到很多图片,但是永远比不上“自给自足”。你可以与自己当前的画面进行对比,得到正确的曝光、光影等方面的内容。或许一些有趣的地标建筑或者云彩都可以引发你的创意,然后去运用到你的工作中去。

不要死宅,大千世界有那么多精彩的元素等你去发掘。

无聊也可以激发创造力

原文自述展开/收起(展开/折叠按钮还在研究中,所以此处点一下会乱码,待解决)

In a fit of boredom one day I decided I would drag out my old scanner I had sitting around and started painting on the glass with some watercolor. I closed the lid to see what would come out. Since then I have been making weird textures this way from time to time.It might seem a little silly at first, but even a day spent experimenting with some of these methods for making textures can give you something in your library that you will keep coming back to, something that’s uniquely yours and really can’t be recreated.

——Jesper Friis

有天我很无聊,我决定拖出我的老扫描仪,开始用水彩在玻璃上(扫描仪的那个玻璃板)绘画(或许只是随意的涂抹色彩)。我合上盖子,看看会出来什么。从那以后我经常用这种方式去打造一些纹理效果。

也许开始看起来这种行为有些傻,但是有时候这会花费你一天的时间得到的纹理图案去充实你的资料库,当然有时候你也会一无所获。

充实你的内容

原文自述展开/收起(展开/折叠按钮还在研究中,所以此处点一下会乱码,待解决)

To add complexity to your painting you should make full use of textures and custom brushes – there are hundreds of free ones on the internet. Find yourself a nice variety such as a rounded lizard-skin-esque one, a smooth chalk-like one, or maybe a chunky, rough gravel brush. They are great for breaking up the internal shapes of your composition. You can try using a soft flat brush with Hue Jitter on each stroke; this is good for harder edges and unexpected colors.

——Stephanie Cost

要充实你的画面,你应该充分利用纹理和自定义笔刷——互联网上有海量免费资源。找一个合适的种类,比如如蜥蜴皮质感的,光滑的粉笔质感的,或者一个大块的粗糙的沙砾毛刷。你也可以尝试一下用软笔刷作画时使用“颤笔”,你将会有意想不到的收获。

合适的参照图

原文自述展开/收起(展开/折叠按钮还在研究中,所以此处点一下会乱码,待解决)

When making photobashing images it is very important to choose the right photos. Often if you try to include a photo with a totally different lighting source compared to others involved in the image you’ll end up spending too much time trying to fix the problem and even dismissing the photo.

——Alex Olmedo

合适的参照图很重要。一般当你尝试去统一一个不同光源的画面时,你要花很多精力去解决问题,甚至要解构画面中的形象。

不断尝试

原文自述展开/收起(展开/折叠按钮还在研究中,所以此处点一下会乱码,待解决)

The Transform, Clipping, and Smudge tools are essential to my workflow as I prefer to create a collage and find shapes, rather than painting right from the get go. I find this method to be more fun and experimental, which can lead to ideas and compositions you would never think of developing.There are endless possibilities with Photoshop; you can find a new use for any existing tool. At the end of the day, what makes a good image is your own personal knowledge of the foundations such as composition, values, color, and lighting.

——Ian Jun Wei Chiew

变形、裁剪、涂抹,我希望去创新一个形状,而不是一开始就因循守旧地去画。我觉得这个方法更多的是一种乐趣和尝试,这可以引导你发散思维,你将创意连连。不必局限于PS,你可以尝试用任何工具。一天结束的时候,用构图色彩和光影效果来打造一个属于你自己的“智慧产物”。

不要过度描述

原文自述展开/收起(展开/折叠按钮还在研究中,所以此处点一下会乱码,待解决)

My students often like to tell a very complex story with one image. My feedback is always that you should pick the top two or three things you want to tell through the image, and tell them really well.When a story is too complex, you need to divide your canvas space into smaller portions to distribute it all to the different storytelling elements, making it difficult to come up with an iconic composition.

——Donglu Yu

我的学生经常喜欢用一张图片讲述一些非复杂的故事。我的建议始终是你应该概括这张图片上你想表述的两三个重点,并且告诉他们这很重要。当一个故事太过复杂,你需要将你的画布给每个故事和元素分配更小的部分来描述,画面很难有突出和重点。

 

这些技巧来 Master the Art of Speed Painting ,3dtotal出版的最新版本,受众就是电脑插画师和概念艺术家中的有志之士。虽然今天整理的都是游戏、动画场景方面的 速涂 (Speed Painting),和我跟我表弟讲的“速写”是两码事儿,但是毕竟艺术是相通的,可以相互汲取。

声明:这篇文章转译自10 top speed painting tips,翻译多依照自己的语言习惯,因皮皮英文和汉语水平有限,难免有误。另外,这里还推荐了几个配色网站

Posted Under
Tagged

回到顶部
推广时间:皮皮叔叔微信号,私人号,不是公众号 ↓↓↓

发表评论

电子邮件地址不会被公开。